Many patients complain that their gums bleed easily,
especially when they brush. Gingivitis is the disease that
causes gums bleeding. The cause of gingivitis is plaque. Plaque
is a yellowish, soft collection of food debris and bacteria
which sticks to the surface of teeth and gums. All of us have
some plaque in our mouth and we are supposed to remove it
everyday when we clean our teeth.. However there are often some
areas which are difficulty to clean well, and the plaque
accumulated will gradually harden into calculus, which is
commonly known as tartar. Now imagine all that bacteria sitting
on the teeth and especially at the gum margin all the time, and
you can understand why the gums are irritated and inflamed.
They become red and swollen and will bleed at the slightest
It is important to have a scaling done by your dentist to
remove the calculus or tartar. Any poor or rough fillings which
encourage plaque growth should be replaced or polished. After
that it's up to you to maintain good oral hygiene by brushing
and flossing twice daily. If you're not sure whether you are
brushing correctly, ask your dentist for advice.
Remember to choose a small, soft brush with dense bristles
and to change it at least 2-3 months. Flossing is important too
as it's the best way to clean in between teeth where the
toothbrush cannot reach.
Only the dirty areas will bleed, the clean areas don't. The
solution therefore is a simple scaling and a bit more time
spent cleaning your teeth.